Was the Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Ngasaki justified?


I thought I would do something a little different today, that isn't related to food. I've been researching about the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Ngasaki, one of the most terrible things that have occurred in the history of mankind. Here I share my opinion on the atomic bomb, live human dissection and how we can obliterate the earth. I hope you find your views through mine.

The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Ngasaki were one of the greatest accomplishments of engineering and science in the history of mankind. However, they were also weapons of mass destruction with aftereffects that were beyond our imagination. The atomic bombings bought many advantages. Not only did the atomic bombings shorten WW2, saving many lives in the long run, it also demonstrated a scientific achievement that should be remembered as a great accomplishment of mankind. In contrary, the atomic bombings caused horrific damage to the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and, ruthlessly murdering innocent citizens, leaving ghastly effects of radiation behind for the citizens of Hiroshima and Ngasaki to endure for many years to come. Were the bombings justified? The deaths of at least 129,000 innocent people and the destruction of 2 cities with aftereffects of radiation have proved enough. Atomic bombs, although a great scientific achievement, have no justification to be used on humans, ever again. 

Japan was responsible for the deaths of nearly 30 million people during WW2. To put this in perspective, the current population of Australia is 23 million. The holocaust killed 11 million humans, 6 million of them were jews. The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Ngasaki only killed 129,000.  The japanese were aggressive and atrocious towards the civilians, using inhumane methods such as human experimentation, forced labour, killing competitions (where officers competed to see who could kill 100 people first)  and desecration (repeated stabbing techniques on dead Chinese) to exterminate millions. Unit 731 was an army unit used by japanese researchers for human testing. The Japanese practised many human experiments such as vivisection, where subjects would be forced to stick their arms in ice water in freezing weather until they received frostbite. Their arms will then be amputated, and the process was repeated with rest of the limbs of the subject until all there was left is a head and a torso. The "subject" will then be used for plague experiments. The subjects were also injected with animal blood, starved to determine the time until death, tied to stakes and used as targets to test grenades. According to the internationy sympsion of crime in biological warfare, the number of deaths caused by human experimentation is close to 580,000. The japanese kidnapped young girls and women mainly in china, korea and the Phillipenes and forced them into becoming comfort women, or in other words, prostitutes for the soldiers to rape. Former South korean comfort woman Kim Bok-don stated that when she was 14, she was taken to a japanese military brothel where she was forced to have sex with 15 japanese soldiers every day.  The horrors japan inflicted on these asia-pacific countries are comparable to those afflicted by the atomic bombings. It seems justified that they deserved some form of punishment for their actions. 

During the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Ngasaki, an estimated of died due to the force of the excruciating heat of the explosions, leaving only atomic shadows in their wake. According to observations of citizens by American authorities, the survivors were exposed to lethal doses of radiation, and suffered from severe burn scars, petechiae (bleeding into the skin), oropharyngeal lesions (inflammation of the mouth and throat), hair loss, vomiting, diarrhoea and fever.  . Eiko Taoka  (survivor of the little boy detonation), then 21 years old, was carrying her one-year-old infant son in her arms aboard a streetcar. He didn't survive the day. "I think fragments of glass had pierced his head," she recounts.m"But he looked at my face and smiled. His smile has remained glued in my memory."The after effects of the atomic bombings can be divided into 2 tages. The initial stage (first 1-9 weeks after denotation); in which 90% of citizens died due to thermal injury and 10% due to super-lethal radiation exposure. Citzens subjected to this type of radiation exposure suffered from internal organ tissue damage. The most common types of internal organ damage were gastrointestinal death, blood marrow death, and Central nervous system death. Gastrointestinal death is where the tissue cells lining your intestines are destroyed, causing the person to vomit blood, loose massive amounts of weight, suffer from diorhea and anorexia and finally die, after 7-15 days. Bone marrow death is where the person's bone marrow (where red and white blood cells) are destroyed, resulting in the person to suffer 3-4 weeks from internal bleeding and severely bloody diarrhoea. Central nervous system is where the person is subjected to vomiting, diarhero, seizures, convulsions, respiratory failure, then death, all in a period of 24-48 hours. The delayed period (20 weeks after detonation) observed by Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission studies proved the aftereffects were just as deadly. Many survivors later developed cancers and leukaemia due to excess radiation exposure to their cells. A significant amount of pregnancies from survivors showed birth defects, the most common defect is known as small head, where the child is born with an abnormally small head, along with mental retardation. The inhumane torture and suffering the citizens of hiroshima had to endure is nothing compared to what a normal bombing what have caused. 

Despite being a weapon of mass destruction, the atomic bomb was also one of the greatest feats of science and engineering ever achieved by mankind. The atomic bomb was developed as U.S's first nuclear weapon, the military project is infamously known under the codename "The manhattan project". In 1942, the government gave $6,000 to fund this nuclear fission research project led by Major General Leslie Groves of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer. By 1945, the project had 130,000 employees and the initial government funding of $6000 had become 2 billion US dollars (52 billion dollars in 2015 USD).  The explosion of the atomic bomb can be explained as an intense light flash, a sudden wave of heat, and later a tremendous roar from the shockwave of the explosion. According to the Strategic Bombing Survey the hiroshima atomic bomb detonation is estimated to have the same blast and fire effect could have been caused by only 2,100 tons of conventional bombs. The fireball produced by the explosion was 370 metres in diameter and had a surface temperature of approximately 6,000 degrees celsius. The surface temperature of the sun is 5,600 degrees celsius. How amazing is that ? 

The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Ngasaki have initiated many nations to develop nuclear weapons. Albert Einstein once quoted: "I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones".  If we ever had another war, the amount of nuclear weapons we have could destroy our earth. According to Stockholm International peace institute, nine nations- the United States, Russia, United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea posses an estimated 16,300 nuclear weapons in total. Stockholm International peace institute also notes that all five legally recognised nuclear weapon states- China, France, Russia, the UK and the USA, are all still  continuing to deploy new nuclear weapons. (Deploy means to place in military action).  Despite witnessing the horrific effects of the atomic bombings of hiroshima and ngasaki, america continued to make advances in nuclear weapon development. Atomic bombs tests became a major tourist attraction in Las Vegas during the 1950's. 16 years later, on 30th October 1960, the U.S detonated the most powerful nuclear weapon ever created by mankind, the Tsar Bomba. If the power of little boy and fat man wasn't jaw dropping enough, then you haven't heard about power of Tsar Bombar.  Tsar bomba was 3,333 times larger than the bomb dropped on Hiroshima, when released over russia, it produced a mushroom cloud 40 miles high, or almost 8 times the height of Mt everest and broke windows in Finland and Norway.  The atomic bombs are one of the most physically powerful weapons that will ever be developed by mankind and clearly demonstrates the amazing feats achievable by mankind. However, we must keep in mind that the U.S alone has enough nuclear weapons to blow itself up four times, and  it takes only 16,000 Tsar Bombars to obliterate the whole earth. So why do we have so many in the first place?

The atomic bombings of Ngasaki and Hiroshima are significant events that have altered our society. I believe that the bombings were justified, the feat of science and engineering is remarkable and should be appreciated, and the harm japan did to so many innocent citizens is comparable to the damage done by the nuclear bomb. However, due to the torture the atomic bombs inflicted on the citizens of hiroshima and ngasaki and the initiation of the mass amounts of nuclear weapons we posses today, I do not believe that nuclear weapons should be part of our future. U.S admiral william leahy said in 1945: "The atomic bomb will never go off, and I speak as an expert in explosives". Look where we are today. So how about a nuclear war? we may think mankind isn't stupid and heartless enough to start one, but who knows?  we'll just have to wait and see. 



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Hi I'm Cindy.